MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING
Since the establishment of Gobi Cashmere Industry in 1977-1979, the Japanese Government has continued to provide ODA (Official Development Aid) to Mongolia and has become the biggest donor to the country.
 
Agenda    Organize activities and meetings such as international symposia, open seminars, and distance training via the Internet.

Objective: МPromoting NGO activities by providing seminar rooms at the Center.

Participating organizations: Mongolia-Japan joint NGOs and NPOs, Embassy of Japan, JICA, National University of Mongolia.
 
.
  • Events for the 5th Anniversary of the Mongolia-Japan Center
    • The Mongolia-Japan Center organizes many activities, events and training courses to develop skilled human resources in a market economy while promoting Mongolia-Japan relations.

      Moreover, M. Enkbold, the Prime Minister of Mongolia, and Ichihashi Yasuyoshi, Ambassador of Japan, were invited to the 5th Anniversary events. Prime Minister M. Enkhbold said, “the Mongolia-Japan Center makes valued contributions to human resource development in Mongolia, toward the goal of building a rapidly-growing economy based on sustainable development.” 

      During the event, representatives and guests were introduced to the activities and courses of the center, origami lessons, elementary computer courses, and traditional stories. In addition, a permanent showcase was created for 5th Anniversary, in front of the Center. It is a 180x50 cm display made of glass and nickel rod, containing notes and memories from the event along with the flags of the two countries and the JICA logo.
  • Japanese Kimono: Wedding Wear
    • An event, “Japanese Kimono: Wedding Dress” was organized on September 12, celebrating one million participants at the Mongolia-Japan Center. In this event, Ms. Fujishima Keiko, Ms. Takehara Naoko, Ms. Ishii Yumie, Yamano-style kimono specialists, put on a kimono show with for more than 150 people, including Ambassador Kidakoro Takuo and Mr. Ishida Yukio, Head of the JICA Mongolia Office.
      The event consisted of the following four parts.
      Introduction to traditional Japanese kimono
      Introduction to wedding ceremonies
      How to put on your own kimono
      Different ways to tie a kimono obi (belt/sash)
      At the end of the event, specialists answered questions from participants and the kimono models were asked about their experience.

      Introduction to traditional Japanese kimono:
      In general, kimono look similar to deel (Mongolian traditional dress), but with different sleeves and a more distinctive belt (obi). Today in Japan, people only wear kimono during traditional ceremonies and festival. The first time a Japanese person wears a kimono is when they go to a temple, at one month of age, for the “Omiyamairi” ceremony. The parents pray for the health of their baby, and they take a picture to commemorate the occasion. The next ceremony is the “Shigosan,” for five-year-old boys, and three- and seven-year-old girls. Again, the parents show thanks for the health of their children and pray for their future happiness. In the Shigosan ceremony, boys first wear the male adult kimono, called a “hakama,” whereas girls traditionally don’t wear adult kimono until they turn 13. However, in recent years this “13th year prayer” ceremony is rarely celebrated. In the year when a Japanese person turns 20, they are considered adults and the coming-of-age is celebrated across all of Japan (on the second Monday in January) by wearing kimono and hakama. On this Coming of Age Day, all the girls wear colorful kimono, called “furisode,” with long sleeves to illustrate their youth and beauty. For much of recent history, the men participating in the Coming of Age Day would wear western-style suits, but increasingly men are wearing the traditional hakama. At university and college graduation ceremonies, women wear either kimono or hakama. This is because hakama are a part of the academic culture for both women and men.

      Introduction to wedding ceremonies:
      Brides and grooms wear the most extravagant kimonos in their wedding ceremony; grooms in “kuromonpuku,” which is black and in the same style as the yokozuna’s (sumo champions), and brides in white “shiromuku,” which were originally worn by samurai’s brides. White has been honored as the wedding color for brides going back about 1200 years, symbolizing the holiness of sunlight in Japanese mythology. The “watabōshi” is the bride’s headpiece and it completely conceals the head and face. It originated from the “kazuki,” a bonnet in the shape of a small, short-sleeved kimono, which was used by samurai’s wives as protection from the sun and wind, since the year 1500. In latter years, starting in the 1600s, kazuki were replaced by watabōshi made of cotton. By wearing watabōshi, the bride’s face is hidden from the guests but not from the groom. However, brides change into colorful uchikake kimono for the wedding feast after the ceremony. Brides decorate their own hair with a six-piece headpiece, traditionally including an expensive pearl hairgrip and hair comb. The bride’s hairstyle is called “bunkintakashimada.” Guests, especially women, also wear kimono in wedding ceremonies; young single women wear long-sleeved kimono (furisada), and married women short-sleeved kimono. It is common for men to wear western-style suits.

      How to put on your own kimono:
      Japanese kimono can be worn without any help. Kimono consist of many parts, including “zoori” slippers and “tabi” socks separating the toes into two parts.

      Different ways to tie a kimono obi (belt/sash):
      The kimono belt, an obi, is quite long and can be tied in various ways. Men’s obi are thinner than women’s. There are many types of obi: “Maru obi,” “Fukuro obi,” “Nagoya obi,” etc. In conclusion, this event has been successfully organized with active participation, kimono specialists, and full- and part-time staff members. At the end of the show, people asked interesting questions and had a chance to take pictures with kimono models. This event was the great opportunity to raise the awareness of Japanese culture through kimono, and even Japanese natives rarely get to see events like this. We hope to deepen mutual understanding and relationships between the two countries through further activities and events
      Event organizers: teachers Tsukugiwa and Yoshiike
      Models: Gan-Erdene in groom kimono, Saranzaya in bride’s kimono, Mungunsolongo in “furisode” short-sleeve kimono, Sainkhuu in day-to-day kimono.
      Announcer: Tsukikawa Yoshike
      Translator: Munkhbayasgalan(Part-time staff: Ts. Munkhbayasgalan)
  • Mongolia-Japan Center Forum
    • Objective: The main goal of the Mongolia-Japan Center is to promote partnership and deepen mutual understanding between Mongolia and Japan. Toward this goal, we hold a Mongolia-Japan Center Forum and participants will learn about conditions in Mongolia, investigate problems, and develop solutions.
      Agenda:    Experts and researchers from Mongolia and Japan will give lectures and presentations, and participants will engage in dialogue on the issues.
      Оролцогчид:    The people of Mongolia and Japan
      The Forum has been held six times in the past.

      5th Forum March 17, 2006             “Rural Development of Mongolia: Problems Facing Education in Rural Areas”
      Participant:
      1. Ms. Nergui, Senior Expert, General Education Sector, Education Department, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia
      2. Mr. Moria Tsutomu, Head of JICA Mongolia Office
      3. Ms. Nazguli, Training Programming Editor, Education Television
      4. Mr. J. Erdene, Director of Education and Culture Department of Gobi-Altai Aimag
      5. Mr. U. Chuluunbaatar, Director of Education and Culture Department of Zavkhan Aimag
      6. Mr. P .Oyunchimeg, Senior Expert of Education and Culture Department of Zavkhan Aimag
      7. Mr. D. Sengedorj, Director of Education and Culture Department of Sukhbaatar Aimag
      Number of participants: 93
      4th Forum March 18, 2005           “Rural Development of Mongolia: The Current State of Economic Activities”
      Participant:
      1. Mr. G. Zandanshatar, Member of Parliament
      2. Mr. T. Shimizu, Consul, Embassy of Japan
      3. Mr. B. Choijilsuren, former Mayor of Bayankhongor Aimag
      4. Mr. R. Dagvadorj, Representative of Gobi-Altai Aimag
      5. Mr. O. Gankhuyag, Representative of Dundgobi Aimag
      6. Mr. B. Myadavj, Representative of Umnugobi Aimag
      7. Mr. M. Ankhbayar, Representative of Uvs Aimag
      Number of participants: 111
      3rd Forum December 11, 2003       “Migration to Ulaanbaatar, and population density”
      Participant:
      1. Mr. P. Gansukh, Director, Finance and Economics Department; Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science of Mongolia
      2. Ms. A. Solongo, Center for Population Studies, School of Economics, National University of Mongolia
      3. Ms. Ch. Bayanchimeg, Director, Ulaanbaatar City Statistics Board
      4. Ms. J. Gerelchimeg, Migration Issues Specialist, Ulaanbaatar City Municipal Government
      5. Ms. N. Narangerel, Director, Social Welfare Board
      6. Mr. S. Matsumoto, Inspector, JICA, Mongolia Office
      7. Mr. T. Tomihira, JICA Expert
      Number of participants: 73
      2nd Forum June 21, 2003         “Livestock herding in a market economy: Improving the trade in livestock products and its regulation.”
      Participant:
      1. Mr. B. Binye, Head of Strategy Planning Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Industry
      2. Mr. D. Batmunkh, Director, School of Management, Agriculture University of Mongolia
      3. Mori Shinichi, CEO, IMG Inc.
      4. Mr. Matsuda Masahiro, Inspector, General Strategy Planning Department, Agriculture Partnership Center
      5. Mr. Batmunkh, Vice President, Mongolian National Agriculture Partnership Association
      Number of participants: 37
      Mini Forum January 18, 2003       “Recent issues confronting Mongolian agriculture in a market economy”
      Participant:
      1. Mr. A. Enkh-Amgalan, Director, Political Strategy and Research Center
      2. Mr. A. Bakei, Vice Rector, Agriculture University of Mongolia
      3. Mr./Ms. Suzuki Yukio, JICA Expert
      4. Mr. Ch. Gankhuyag, Executive Director of Khas Bank
      Number of participants: 37
      1st Forum June 22, 2002              “Globalization and Development of Mongolia”
      Participant:
      1. Mr. Matsubara Masatake, Doctor, Professor, Ethnicity Institute of Japan
      2. Mr. Yasuda Osamu, Professor, International Development Department of Takushyoku University
      3. Mr. Batsaikhan, Member of Parliament and Head of Budget Committee
      4. Mr./Ms. Sasai Hiromi, Senior Expert, Department of State Education Policy and Survey
      5. Mr. N.Begz, Director, Educational Institute of the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science of Mongolia
      Number of participants: 158
  • Open seminar
    • Since the founding of the Mongolia-Japan center, open seminars have been organized regularly for the purpose of fostering relationship between the two countries.In these seminars, experts from Mongolia and Japan are invited as lecturers, raising public awareness on various issues

      Монгол-Японы төвийн 49-р Нээлттэй Семинар
      There are no translations available.

      2010 он
      45th Open seminar            February 26, 2010 
      “Japan and Mongolian environments” 
      Lecturer: Director of Geology Department of Science Academic of Mongolia
      D.Dorjgotov PhD
      44th Open seminar             January 30, 2010
      “ Water Pollution of Mongolian lake, river, groundwater and concerning issues” 
      Lecturer:Head of Water Research Center and Department of Plant, Biology Faculty of National University of Mongolia 
      N.Soninkhishig PhD
       
      2009
      42nd Open seminar             Friday, September 25, 2009     
      “Air pollution in Ulaanbaatar”
      Lecturer: Dr. Ch. Sodnomdagva, Professor, Geography and Geology Department, National University of Mongolia 
      41st Open seminar           Saturday June 20, 2009 
      “The current condition of agriculture and livestock herding in Mongolia” – A project to develop the combination of livestock herding and agriculture
      Lecturer: Mr. Kinoshita Hiroaki – Expert and Senior Advisor, JICA, in charge of the Project. 
      40th Open seminar            Saturday, May 23, 2009 
      “Citizens volunteering to protect and improve the environment” – A project to protect the ecosystem of Ugiin Nuur.
      Lecturer: Mr. Sato Shingo, Project Expert. 
      39th Open seminar            Saturday, April 4, 2009
      “Cultural shifts in Mongolian perceptions of beauty” 
      Lecturer: Ms. Altantsetseg, Senior Lecturer, Doctorate, Culture and Art University of Mongolia.
       
      2008
      38th Open seminar             Saturday, February 14, 2009 
      “Protecting animal rights and reforming policies in Mongolia”
      Lecturer: Mr. S. Damdinsuren, Head of the Foundation for Protecting Animal Rights (NGO)
      37th Open seminar                Saturday, January 24, 2009 
      “Conventional nanotechnology and the study of Mongolian herbal medicines and raw pharmaceutical materials” 
      Lecturer: Ms. J. Oyun, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry 
      36th Open seminar                Saturday, December 20, 2008
      “Foundation of Mongolian khoomei: learning how to perform khoomei”  
      Lecturer: Mr. B. Odsuren, Senior Instructor, Culture and Art University of Mongolia
      35th Open seminar                Saturday, November 29, 2008 
      “Mongolian calligraphy” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Jalair Batbayar, Mongolian Calligrapher, Researcher, Lecturer
      34th Open seminar                   Saturday, October 25, 2008 
      “Family planning” 
      Lecturer:Mr. Namjil, Ph.D., Professor in the Family Research Department, Ulaanbaatar University
      33rd Open seminar               Saturday, September 13, 2008
      “What is stress?” 
      Lecturer: Ms. B. Uugantsetseg, Ph.D., Psychologist, Soul Introspection Center at the National University of Mongolia
      32nd Open seminar               Wednesday, June 18, 2008 
      “The recent archeological finds from the Bronze Era in Mongolia” 
      Lecturer: Mr. D. Erdenebaatar, Ph.D., Professor, Head of Social Science Department, Ulaanbaatar University 
      31st Open seminar              Saturday, May 17, 2008 
      “Why can’t eating a meal be like taking medicine?” 
      Lecturer: Ms. B. Gerelmaa, Head of Soyolj Center, Member of Mongolian Lecturers Center 
      30th Open seminar                Saturday, April 19, 2008 
      “Introduction to rare books from the museum of the National Library”
      Lecturer: Mr. G. Akim, President of Mongolian Interpreters Association, Director of the National Library of Mongolia
      29th Open seminar              Saturday, March 22, 2008 
      “Fundamentals of organization management and national economic policy” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Matsuoka Katsutaka, JICA Expert, Advisor in the International Trade Strategy and Policy Department, at the Mongolian Ministry of Trade and Industry.
      28th Open seminar             February 27, 2008 (Wed) 
      “Defining Shamanism” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Bum-Ochir, Professor, Social and Cultural Sciences Department, National University of Mongolia
       
      2007
      27th Open seminar            Saturday November 16, 2007 
      “Gender issues in Mongolia” 
      Lecturer: Mr. T. Amgalan, Head of the Sustainable Development and Gender Center
      26th Open seminar                Saturday, October 27, 2007 
      “Introduction to sustainable tourism and rural studies” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Muraoka Sadao, JICA Volunteering Member
      25th Open seminar           Saturday, September 29, 2007
      “Desertification and its causes” 
      Lecturer: Mr. N. Erdenetsogt, Ph.D. in Biology, Director of the Ecological Technology Development Department at the Agriculture University of Mongolia 
      24th Open seminar            Saturday, June 21, 2007 
      “Building new relationships between Mongolia and Japan – past, present and future” 
      Lecturer: Mr. D. Sodnom, former Prime Minister of Mongolia, Head of Mongolia-Japan Friendship Society
      23th Open seminar                Saturday, June 11, 2007 
      “Comparing Japanese samurai values with Mongolian values” 
      Lecturer:Mr. D. Tumurbaatar, Head of “Go dam” association, Japan-Mongolia Culture and Literature Center 
      22nd Open seminar           Saturday, May 19, 2007 
      “Herding Livestock in Mongolia” 
      Lecturer: Mr. S. Dulam, Ph.D. in Linguistics, Director of Mongolian Nomadic Culture Institute at National University of Mongolia 
      21st Open seminar            Saturday, April 21, 2007 
      “Findings from dinosaur fossils found in the Gobi Desert” 
      Lecturer:Mr. R. Barsbold, Director of Paleontology Institute, Science Academy
       
      2006
      20th Open seminar               Saturday, March 24, 2006 
      “Recent research findings from Mongolian archeological artifacts”
      Lecturer: : Mr. B. Tsogtbaatar, Director of Archeology Institute, Science Academy
      19th Open seminar           Saturday, February 10, 2006 
      Brief discussion of Mongolian nomadic culture” 
      Lecturer: Mr. S. Dulam, Ph.D. in Linguistics, Director of Mongolian Nomadic Culture Institute at National University of Mongolia
      18th Open Seminar           Friday, January 5, 2006 
      “Waste management in Ulaanbaatar: creating a clean environment”
      Lecturer: JICA Survey team, “Waste Management Planning for Ulaanbaatar” 
      17th Open Seminar                Saturday, December 16, 2006 
      “Wonders of the Morin Khuur” 
      Lecturer: Ms. B. Uyanga, Morin Khuurist, Morin Khuur Orchestra of Mongolia
       
      2005
      16th Open Seminar              Tuesday, June 21, 2005 
      “Infectious disease in Mongolian livestock” 
      Lecturer:Ms. B. Uyanga, Morin Khuurist, Morin Khuur Orchestra of Mongolia
      15th Open seminar         “Opportunities to outsource software development to Japan” 
      “Opportunities to outsource software development to Japan” 
      Lecturer: Mr. A. Otgonbayar
       
      2004
      14th Open seminar          Thursday, November 25, 2004
      “The Mongolian higher education system – why we study mathematics” 
      Lecturer: Ms. A. Amarzaya, National University of Mongolia
      13th Open seminar          Friday, September 17, 2004 
      “Soil pollution in Ulaanbaatar: chemical contaminants” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Kamo Yoshiaki, Science and Technology University of Mongolia
      12th Open seminar             Monday, February 6, 2004 
      “Fostering knowledge – a message for Mongolia’s youth” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Jargalsaikhan 
      11th Open seminar               Friday, April 9, 2004 
      “A history of the Japanese energy industry” 
      Lecturer: Mr. Nakakuma Seigo, JICA Expert
      10th Open seminar           Tuesday, February 6, 2004
      “Mongolian biotechnology development opportunities”
      Lecturer: Professor, Mr. E. Amar, Agriculture University of Mongolia
       
      2003
      9th Open seminar         Tuesday, October 21, 2003
      “The future of Mongolian business management”
      Lecturer:Mr. Motayama, JICA Volunteer
      8th Open seminar        Tuesday, September 12, 2003
      “The current state of practical herbal plants in Mongolia”
      Lecturer: Mr. J. Batkhuu, Professor, National University of Mongolia
      7th Open seminar        Friday, June 27, 2003
      “History and future of Mongolia Rail”
      Lecturer:Mr. Miura Yoshinobu, JICA Expert
      6th Open seminar          Thursday, March 21, 2003 
      “The current state of agriculture in Mongolia”
      Lecturer: Mr./Ms. Shizuki Yukio, JICA Expert
      5th Open seminar           Friday, February 21, 2003
      “The current state of the Mongolian banking system”
      Lecturer: Mr. Tanaka Shinzo, JICA Expert
       
      2002
      4th Open seminar                        Monday, October 23, 2002
      “The geological history of Mongolia and Japan”
      Lecturer:Mr. Takahashi Yuhei, JICA Expert
      3rd Open seminar                       Friday, November 29, 2002
      “Development opportunities for the Mongolian IT industry”
      Lecturer: Mr. Ide Hiroyuki, JICA IT Training Expert
      2nd Open seminar                   Wednesday, October 30, 2002
      “Trade and finance in Mongolia”
      Lecturer: Mr. Takahashi Yuhei, JICA Expert
      1st Open Seminar                    Friday, September 6, 2002
      “Sustainable development of Mongolian wild animals and plants”
      Lecturer: Mr. Tsubouchi Toshinori, JICA Expert
  • Movie day
    • Objective: The Mongolia-Japan Center holds a movie night twice a month to promote mutual understanding of Mongolia-Japan relations and to showcase Japanese culture and arts in cooperation with the Embassy of Japan.

      Agenda:    To accommodate viewers varying degrees of Japanese language skill, the same movie is shown twice: once with Mongolian voice-over, and once in Japanese with Mongolian subtitles.

      Attendees: General public
       
  • Internet Origami
    • Objective: Origami is a part of Japanese popular culture and it can be used as an effective tool to teach children computer skills, and to introduce Japanese culture to Mongolian children. At the end of the class, traditional Japanese children’s stories are told to enhance the educational experience.

      Agenda:    Children will learn about Japanese culture and, at the same time, gain computer and Internet skills. This origami lesson is given in Ulaanbaatar and also in the countryside (Orkhon, Darkhan, Umnugovi, Khentii, Bulgan, Tuv, Dornogovi, Sukhbaatar, Khuvsgul, Selenge, and Khovd).

      Attendees: 3rd through 6th grade pupils at primary and middle schools

  • Official Development Assistance from Japan
    • Official Development Assistance (ODA) from Japan is a contribution to the resolution of many evolving challenges which the international community and developing countries face. The ODA to Mongolia started between 1977 and 1979, when the Gobi Cashmere Factory was established with assistance from Japan, the biggest donor to Mongolia.
       
      Why does Japan assist Mongolia?
      The social and economic reform that Mongolia has carried out to establish a democratic society since 1990
      Sustainable development in Mongolia has a significant influence on the political and economic development of the region.
      Mongolia has a weak economy and it continues to make the transition to a market economy.

      Japan considers the following five aspects of Mongolia to be the most in-need
      Strengthening the economy to accelerate industrialization (primarily infrastructure)
      Building institutions and developing human resources necessary for promoting a market economy
      Supporting the development of a comprehensive crop-livestock management model
      Supporting municipal infrastructure (primarily education, health, and water)
      Environmental protection

      Technical cooperation
      Dispatch experts. 339 experts have been appointed to Mongolia through 2001.
      Training. 842 have received training through 2001.
      Dispatch volunteers. 94 volunteers have been appointed to work in Mongolia through 2001.
      Dispatch elderly volunteers. 10 elderly volunteers have been appointed to work in Mongolia through 2001.

      Development research
      Development research on natural resources in the Erdenet region.
      Rehabilitation project on the 4th Thermal Power Plant in Ulaanbaatar.
      The project for construction of the eastern arterial road and improvement of the related equipment.
      A study on improving local telecommunications.

      Grants
      Сумдыг дизель мотороор хангах төсөл.
      Project to supply soums with electricity generators.
      Project for improvement of primary education facilities.
      Capital city rehabilitation project.
      Project to improve the fire fighting technology and equipment maintenance.
      Railway transportation rehabilitation project.
      During 1999-2002, multiple dzuds (lage amounts of snow combined with extreme cold temperatures, a natural disaster that occurs during the winter time) which were the most severe in the last 30 years occurred and were responsible for 2,400,000 livestock that damaged much of Mongolia’s economy and herders’ livelihoods. In 2000, the government of Japan rendered emergency assistance worth $10 million to Mongolia after damage from drought and dzud..