Bronze age era historical findings in Mongolia
First archeological study in Mongolia started when Russian archeologist and his team arrived in Mongolia late 19th century. During that time secret message was going around in Western countries about one central Asian country. Late 1920s American explorer Osborne suggested human race started in Asia. Central Asia archeological team headed by Andrews, first discovered the dinosaur remains in Gobi which is now displayed at Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Almost 100 years passed since then and we are still exploring and studying about our ancestors. We are introducing the lecture of Prof.D.Erdenebaatar from Sociology department at Ulaanbaatar University during our 32nd open seminar at the Mongolia-Japan Center.Chemurchek culture
This is a historical finding relates to BC 2500-1800. Those findings have remains stone statue on the left side (Pic1), double stone layers and stone coffin size of 2x4 m and stone box has red coin painting (Pic2). Hovd and Bayan-Ulgii province of Mongolia, Shinjaan Uighar area in China and Altai Tuva of Russia have similar heritages. From this remains, we found 3 stone cups (Pic3), vase with pattern 2, stone stick and dog remain.Afanasevo culture
First only found in Ural and Altai area of Russia, the Afanasevo culture found in Bayan-Ulgii province of Mongolia.
Remain had round stone wall, with 21m diameter other things such as round bottom vase, knife and bone decoration.Munkhkhairkhan culture
This culture is related to BC 1800-1500 and extent to Hovd, Zavkhan and Khuvsgul provinces. Remain was round and flat shape put on the left side. Knife, needle, bone neckles and spoon were found from aside from the remains.Tevsh culture
Culture relates to BC 1400-1100. Previously, this culture was included in the squire remains findings however it became independent culture itself. Our archeologist used name it “ants” remains. The shape of the remains is mainly consisting of two types. “Linear and Part round” and “Middle is narrow and Top and Bottom parts are wide”
The complete name of the center is Mongolia-Japan Center for Human Resource Development. I’m writing this piece to ask people to think about the content and meaning of the term “Human Resources”. In economic terms, manufacturing and service industries count Human resources as one of the main production inputs and refer to it as Human capital.
This is very common term. As of 2007, population of Mongolia has reached 2,635.2 thousand. The working age population is 1,642.2 thousand out of total population. In other words, it is the total number of female between 16-54 years of age and male 16-59 years of age. Employed population total is 1,024.1 thousand.
. From the economics point of view, Human resources include people who are working and people who are unemployed but actively searching. If I quote from the business course lecture by Kobayashi Yoshisuke there are 4 types of Human resources.
“人罪” - first type of human resources bring negative effect to the company. These types of employees could bring down the company. They do not listen to their management and increase the cost.
“人在” – passive type of human resources. They do not listen to the management half of the time. These add little value to the company.
“人材” - they are actively involved in the company’s activities and independent workers. In Japan, human resources represent this type of employees.
“人財” - rest is the best part of the human resources. If the company has this type of employees, they do not have to worry about the daily work but focus on the strategic goals. They are very productive, innovative and hard-working.
Companies always try to find the last type of human resources. Thus it is important for people to know and evaluate themselves. Just because you graduated from university does not make you valuable human resources. Most importantly, you have to work-hard, be creative and active.
We should eliminate the mechanism where people are passive and complain about the salary. From my observation, Mongolian human resources generally fit into the second group. Perhaps that is reason why the development of Mongolia is slow. There are number of things affecting Mongolian human resources.
The main issue is revolving door for the people who know each other. People grow up with this idea from their parents if you have money you can do and get anything everything you want. And the reality is, instead of doing what they want with passion they seek easy solution and more resources. Although this is not true for all the people it is affecting the majority part.
The most important part of establishing real human resources is competition. Competition for job positions has to be open and transparent and competition should also apply to the incumbents as well. The labor law should include this part and companies should be able to fire ones not satisfying the requirements.
In order to develop the real human resources, we have to respect and provide transparency.
(Vice Director Ts.Davaadorj)
Let’s talk in Japanese
On June 27th, we organized our second Let’s talk in Japanese series by making Onigiri (rice ball, is a Japanese food made from white rice formed into triangular shape and wrapped by water cabbage).
Instructors were Hakamura Yoshiko, JICA volunteers Koda Ayushi and Fuji Minori. Instructors showed students how to make onigiri, had green tea together addition to talking in Japanese for two hours. Instructors divided the total 21 participants into 6 groups and named the groups by the onigiri ingredients.
This was not only fun but also useful for the students to practice the new words. We are very happy to provide an opportunity for the people who are studying Japanese to talk and practice the language.
We also found out that people are different from each other by their language and culture but we all eat food where we can relate to each other. Although the our facility is not suited for cooking class with help from our management and participants we organized the class very well.
Compare to the first class, we used real ingredients’ and made real food kept everyone interested in. If possible, we will to invite more Japanese speakers to our class in the future.
(Library staff B.Uyanga)
Health Status of Mongolia
Since 1980s, Mongolian health policy has changes a lot.
There are total 35524 health workers; 7336 doctors, 8633 nurses, 2388 nurse practitioners. 2007 statistics show total 1224 hospitals; 69.7% - 857 are private hospitals.
Life expectancy in Mongolia is 66.54; male 63.12 and female 70.23 for the year 2007. In 1993, major cause of death were heart attack, blood related disease, cancer, and accident. Diabetes is increasing. There are also genetic diseases.
1/3 of Mongolians are having excessive oil consumption and 2/3 is having excessive sodium consumption. Also smoking, drinking and lack of exercise are factors. In 1995, there were 28 tobacco per person in 2007 this number is 56 – increased by 20%. “Healthy mouth” project started and decreased the cavity by 24.4% and “Preventing from iobine insufficiency” project decreased the thyroid disease by 7.6% from 5 years ago to 13.8%.
In 2006, hospitals in the city and countryside received equipments, X-ray machine, and MRI. We must protect our health. Many people assume we are made of stone. If you take care your health from now on it will prevent you from many incidents. Being healthy does not mean no pain.
In order to protect your health:
No drinking and smoking
Eat healthy have sufficient amount of vitamins
Maintain your weight
Thus it is recommended by doctors to see specialists once in a year and exercise regularly. If you stay healthy, you can enjoy your life to the fullest.
(Business course staff A.Nyamjargal)